The Window of Opportunity to Upgrade Israel's National Security
This page is part C of the document titled A New Vision For Israel's National Security Conception
The previous section:Key elements of the security conception undermined
|This section of the document introduces the opportunity standing before Israel to leap its national security through a new national security concept that is adapted to a world of radical changes. The opportunity stems from the combination between, on the one hand, the capacity of the Israeli government to govern, make decisions, and implement them, and, on the other hand, emerging political, military, and domestic conditions. Clearly, a change in the national security concept will necessitate resource reallocation, structural and institutional adaptations, and new operational concepts.|
The opportunity that stands before Israel in the field of national security stems from a combination between the following conditions:
1.Intensifying internal crises in all of the countries hostile to Israel – These crises are dominating the bulk of the attention of the regimes and societies. In particular, a harsh humanitarian crisis that has developed in Syria affects all of the neighboring countries.
2.Iran and Hezbollah's 'overstretch' – Both have been submerged into the civil war in Syria. Beyond that, Iran is under significant pressure as a result of the sanctions levied against it, and Hezbollah faces political attacks and terrorist activities in Lebanon.
3.Palestinian isolation in Gaza and the West Bank – Hamas is isolated between Israel and Egypt in Gaza, after losing its ally in Syria and Iran. The Palestinian Authority in the West Bank stands before Israel alone, without significant support from the Arab League, Egypt, or Saudi Arabia, and under pressure from the street to make political progress.
4. Change in the Israeli public discourse with regards to the relationship between the army and society. This change is manifested in the legislative efforts around the 'Equal Share of the Burden Law' as well as the public focus on and interest in the defense budget and the compensation granted to IDF pensioners. This discourse enables the opening of a dialogue on the issue of the needed covenant between the army and Israeli society.
5.Widening the circle of participants in the political-security discourse and activities beyond the Government of Israel – The circle of discourse and activities in national security is expanding beyond the Government of Israel to include non-government elements in civil society and within the Jewish world. This expansion takes place in fields such as: security and political assessment; diplomacy, humanitarian assistance, hasbara, and the battle against Israel's delegitimization; international law; home front resilience; relations with the Jewish world; and the security budget and personnel compensation.
As a result of these developments:
6.The importance of the conventional military threat has significantly decreased – The scenario in which massive military forces invade Israel has become unlikely in the current context.
7.The Arab-Israel conflict has been marginalized after decades in which it was at the center of the agenda and perceived as the main cause of regional instability.
8.The Palestinian Authority has unprecedented freedom to reach understandings or agreements with Israel, resulting from the weakening of obstructionist elements in the Arab world.
9.The bewilderment experienced by Western countries in relation to the region enables Israel to advance an independent agenda that can also shape their approach.
10.The ripening of the domestic Israeli arena for structural and institutional changes can enable integrating excluded populations in national service and in the workforce.
Alongside these developments:
11.The governance system in Israel possesses the capacity to shape policy, make decisions, and implement them – The nineteenth Knesset of Israel began its new term in April 2013, and is expected to serve for an additional three years. The prime minister of Israel and his government are also stable. These combined capacities can produce significant and far-reaching change.