Foundations of Israel's National Security Concept
This document is part A of the document titled A New Vision For Israel's National Security Conception
|This part of the document describes the central foundations of the current national security conception.|
- The State of Israel is a Jewish state, exercising the right of the Jewish people to self-determination. Beyond its commitment to its residents, since its inception Israel has seen itself as a safe haven for Diaspora Jewry. In this spirit, the state expects the political and financial support of world Jewry.
- A Jewish majority is a necessary condition for the existence of Israel as a Jewish state that is also a democratic state;
- An alliance with a superpower such as the United States is essential in order for Israel to compensate for its quantitative inferiority in comparison with its enemies and to be able to influence events in the Middle East. In this context, Israel chose to be a part of the community of Western States, and became their 'front-line' against the Arab states that were supported by the 'Eastern Bloc.'
- An array of strategic alliances in the Middle East and its periphery (the Horn of Africa, Central Asia, and the Balkans) enable Israel to divide the forces standing before it and prevent a situation in which it is confronted by an overwhelming coalition
- Basic legitimacy for Israel's existence and its borders - the Zionist movement and the State of Israel strive for the official recognition of Israel's right to exist as the nation state of the Jewish people as well as for official recognition of its borders. This legitimacy is consolidated in international decisions and agreements achieved through diplomatic maneuvers and with the help of the Jewish diaspora.p;
- The Middle East is governed by realpolitik dynamics taking place between the leaders of countries - The Middle East is shaped by interactions between leaders of countries who usually make decisions in a rational manner
- The exclusive responsibility for national security rests in the hands of the state's institutions, which alone possess the information and ability to design the country's security strategy and execute it
- The "Iron Wall Doctrine"
- Deterring through the ability to quickly achieve decisive victory on the battlefield
- Shortening the length of military confrontations and extending the duration of ceasefires between rounds of violence;
- Transferring the fighting to the enemies' territory and separating between the battleground and the home front;
- Developing qualitative superiority through technology and human resources;
- Achieving advance warning using a comprehensive intelligence collection system designed to enable Israel to prepare and to take preventative action if required;
- People's Army model'/infantry-reserve system as the response to the quantitative gap faced by Israel in comparison to Arab armies. The relatively small standing army is responsible for ongoing security and first response in emergency situations, while a comprehensive and rapidly mobilized reserve system is expected to win the war;
- Developing strategic capabilities for doomsday scenarios
In conclusion, the Iron Wall doctrine assumes that it is impossible to affect hostility towards Israel in the region, and it therefore only aims to frustrate hostile actions. The concept leads to constant military activity, both on an under the radar, aimed at preserving the status quo within regional power relations.
9. The IDF is a contractor for national missions and acts as a melting pot - In light of the massive resources allocated to the IDF, the IDF was given additional responsibility for civil 'national missions' such as immigrant absorption, settlement, education and policing
10. The centrality of security - The national security challenges facing Israel are unique in scope and quality, and require a full harnessing of national resources. Since the main threat to Israel is military, the IDF has become the central institution of the national security community and int he Israeli public sphere, and receives preference in the allocation of human resources, budget and time